How to Create a Bootable Windows 10 ISO from a Windows 10 ESD File
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As with earlier versions of Windows, when you perform a clean install or an upgrade to Windows 10, Microsoft distributes the installation files in a replacement ESD (Electronic Software Delivery) image format, which is normally available through Windows Update.
This image is well-known because of the Install.ESD file, which is around 3GB in size and contains everything required to completely reinstall the operating system. In most cases, Windows Update will download this ESD file, along with any other files, to the $WINDOWS.BT secret folder on your computer’s hard drive.
The advantages of using the Install.ESD image are that it is an encrypted and compressed version of the Install.WIM image, which makes the download faster and safer while also resulting in less time spent throughout the upgrade process.
While Microsoft makes the files necessary to install Windows 10 through the Media Creation tool and the Tech Bench upgrade programme available to the public, the software giant does not typically make the ISO files necessary to install the most recent Insider preview builds released within the Fast ring available. A clean install or upgrade of the most recent version of Windows 10 on one or more PCs will be attempted using an ESD image, which will be converted into an ISO file.
How to create an ISO file of Windows 10 with the Install.ESD image
Using this Windows 10 tutorial, we’ll walk you through the process of converting a protected image into an ISO file.
Creating an ISO file of Windows 10 from the Install.ESD image is described in detail here.
Following the release of a replacement Insider preview build, complete the following steps.
- The ESD Decrypter command-line utility can be obtained by clicking on the following link.
- Warning: Although this command-line programme is understood to function properly, it is nonetheless considered to be a third-party tool. You should only use it at your own risk.
- Uncompress the utility and save it to an empty folder on your computer’s hard drive.
- For those who are unable to access the 7z file in order to uncompress the utility, you will need to utilise the widely used 7zip programme, which can be downloaded here.
- The Settings app may be accessed by pressing the Windows key + I keyboard shortcut.
- Update and security may be found by clicking Update and security.
- Click Check for updates on the Windows Update page, and then wait for the most recent version to download to your PC.
- The Windows key + E keyboard shortcut will open File Explorer when the new installation files are available and you are prompted to restart your computer before the technique can be started.
- From the left-hand window, select This Computer.
- Double-click the drive that contains the Windows installation disc – often the C: drive.
- In File Explorer, select the View tab from the drop-down menu.
- Check the Hidden items option to see the $WINDOWS.BT folder, which includes the installation files, if they are not visible otherwise.
- Using the $WINDOWS.BT folder as a starting point, navigate to the Sources folder and right-click to duplicate the Install.ESD File.
- Create a shortcut to the folder where you extracted the ESD Decrypter utility files by right-clicking on it and pasting the Install.ESD File in the appropriate spot.
- Run as Administrator by selecting Run as Administrator from the context menu of the decrypt.cmd file.
- When prompted in the ESD Decrypter Script interface, input 2 to select the Create complete ISO with
- Compressed Install.esd option, and then press Enter to begin the procedure.
- Upon completion of the process, you’ll discover an ISO file in the ESD Decrypter folder with a descriptive name and build number (for example, en windows 10 pro 14316 x64 dvd.iso), which you may use as a bootable DVD.
You may now use this file to install Windows 10 on a virtual machine using VMware Workstation. Alternatively, you can use a utility such as Rufus to create a bootable installation disc for your operating system.
Despite the fact that there are several different versions of the ESD Decrypter programme, version 4.7 is still present in the most recent Windows 10 Insider Preview. Additionally, you’ll be able to locate other similar tools on the internet, such as ESD-Decrypter, that are compatible with the command-line tool we’ll be discussing in this guide.
Please keep in mind that the character of dealing with an encrypted file makes the programme useful as long as you are using the correct RSA key to attempt to decrypt the file. However, while the RSA key is already included with the ESD Decrypter utility, Microsoft has the right to issue a replacement version of Windows with a different key at any moment, rendering the tool inoperable unless you supply a replacement key.